Poverty is one of biggest problems in the world. World Bank data shows that there are 3 billion people or 80 percent of people over the world who live in poverty; with 2.5 USD per day, whereas in Indonesia 1.25 USD per day. There are 22.000 children die each day due to poverty (UNICEF), whereas million of children in the world are malnourished due to living as poverty. Those development challenges are summarized in Millennium Development Goals; a program where its level indicators are very clear. In Indonesia, the implementation of MDGs has given positive contributions.
Even though there are some goals that need to be achieved with hardworking but there are many goals that have showed betterment or even some of them have been achieved. Indonesia managed to reduce the proportion on low income society, l.00 USD per capita per day, from 20.60 percent in 1990 to 5.90 percent in 2008.
The government has also succeeded in reducing the number of gender disparity for secondary education level. It can be seen from a significant reduction on the indicator of Net Enrollment Ratio; female to male state high school/Islamic high school/National High School Equivalency Examination, from
93.67 percent in 1993 to 101.40 percent in 2011. On the other hand, the number of tuberculosis cases in Indonesia has managed to achieve the MDGs namely from 343 cases in 1990 to 189 cases per 100.000 people in 2011(National Development Planning Agency, 2012).
Nowadays, world is heading into Sustainable Development Goals; a sustainable development as an indicator taken into consideration in official documents which are currently being discussed and headed to the validation that will be performed on December 2015. Inputs from various institutions have been performed and meetings which discuss the issue is also being intensively conducted.
Indonesia, according to the World Bank data, is showing the deceleration in poverty reduction; recorded only 0.7 percent. In 2013, there are 20.8 million people in Indonesia who live in poverty (Data, BPS). Significant economic growth in Indonesia has given a positive contribution in alleviating the number of poverty. The number of poverty fell to 11.3 % in2014, compared to 24% in 1999. However in the last two years, poverty reduction only reaches 0.7% and it was the smallest rate in this decade.
There are 20.8 million of Indonesian people who live in poverty. Poverty is a scourge on society. Various attempts were made to alleviate the number of poverty but the poverty rate did not decrease significantly. Moreover, the number of poor people is expected to reach 30.25 million people in 2015 or 12.25 percent of the total population in Indonesia.
The increase in the number of poor people is due to several factors. In many countries, it was caused by natural disasters; forcing the victims to return to zero point, climate change, war, and social conflict.
Meanwhile in Indonesia according to World Bank Senior, Vivi Alatas, inequality between the poor and the rich is seen from the high gap of the consumption figures between of the poorest families and the richest families. "We need to share this delicious cake equally," she said. She argued that one of the best ways to alleviate the number of poverty is providing decent jobs for the people. She said that. in 2020, there will be 14.8 million people who need jobs.
Deputy for Poverty, Employment and SMEs of National Development Planning Ministry, Rahma Iryanti, admit that eradicating poverty is not an easy job due to the ongoing chronic poverty. From the various attempts that have been performed, there are still many poor people who could potentially return so the poverty alleviation program was never end. Based on the data, from 60 million poor families in 2008-2010, there are 1.5 million families that managed to get out of poor category but still vulnerable to poverty and 2.1 million families who managed to get out of very poor category but still poor.
0.9 Million families managed to get out of very poor condition but fell again in poverty. Meanwhile, 1.5 million families are still in chronic poverty. She said that education, health, and housing are priority programs undertaken to alleviate the number of poverty and reduce inequality between the poor and the rich.
Condition in Indonesia is also experienced by other developing countries and other poor countries. The experiences of some non-government organization in Indonesia show that there are many indicators which can be used as a strategic entrance in reducing absolute poverty.
Those experiences will be formulated in the seminar. Hopefully, the experiences of the vanguards can give positive contribution and important notes to the implementation of Asian-African Conference 2015, under the theme "Strengthening South-South Cooperation to Promote World Peace and Prosperity". From this point, the idea is emerged, collaborating with the Ministry of Social Affairs, Government of Bandung, Scale Society, UNDP, INFID, Rumah Zakat and Humanitarian Forum Indonesia will organized two days seminar under the theme "Fighting Poverty".