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NGO Summit in Asian African Conference 2015

NGO Summit in Asian African Conference 2015
Poverty is one  of biggest   problems in the  world.  World   Bank data  shows  that  there  are 3 billion people   or  80   percent  of  people over the world who live  in  poverty; with   2.5   USD  per  day, whereas in Indonesia 1.25  USD per day. There  are  22.000  children die each day due  to poverty (UNICEF), whereas million  of children in the world are malnourished due to living as poverty. Those  development challenges are summarized  in Millennium Development  Goals; a program where its level indicators are very clear. In Indonesia, the  implementation of MDGs has given positive contributions.
Even though there are some goals that need to be achieved with hardworking but there  are many goals that have showed betterment or even some of them have been  achieved. Indonesia managed to reduce the proportion on low income society, l.00 USD per capita per day, from 20.60 percent in 1990 to 5.90   percent in 2008.
The government has also succeeded in reducing the number of gender  disparity for secondary education level. It can be seen from a significant reduction on  the indicator of Net Enrollment Ratio; female to male state high school/Islamic high school/National High School Equivalency Examination, from 93.67 percent in 1993 to 101.40 percent in 2011. On the other hand, the number of tuberculosis cases in Indonesia has managed to achieve the MDGs namely from  343 cases in 1990 to 189 cases per 100.000 people in 2011(National Development  Planning Agency, 2012).
Nowadays, world is heading into Sustainable Development Goals; a sustainable development as an indicator taken into consideration in official documents which  are currently being discussed and headed to  the validation that will be performed on December 2015. Inputs from various institutions have been performed and meetings which discuss the issue is also being intensively conducted.
Indonesia, according to  the  World   Bank  data, is showing the deceleration  in poverty   reduction; recorded only 0.7 percent. In 2013, there are 20.8   million people in Indonesia who  live in poverty (Data, BPS). Significant  economic growth in Indonesia has given a positive contribution in alleviating the number of poverty. The number of poverty fell to 11.3 % in2014, compared to 24% in 1999. However in the  last  two years,  poverty reduction only  reaches 0.7%  and it was the smallest rate in this decade.
There are 20.8  million  of  Indonesian people who live in poverty. Poverty is a scourge on society. Various attempts were  made to alleviate the number of  poverty but the poverty rate did not decrease significantly. Moreover, the  number of  poor  people is expected  to  reach 30.25 million people  in 2015 or 12.25 percent of the total population in Indonesia.
The increase in the number of poor people is due to several factors. In many countries, it was caused by natural disasters; forcing the victims to return  to zero  point, climate change, war, and social conflict.
Meanwhile in Indonesia according to World Bank Senior, Vivi Alatas,  inequality between the poor and the  rich  is seen  from   the  high  gap of the  consumption figures between  of  the  poorest families and the richest  families. "We need to share this delicious cake equally," she said. She argued  that one of the best ways to alleviate the number of poverty is providing decent  jobs  for the people. She said that. in 2020,  there will be 14.8 million  people who  need jobs.
Deputy for Poverty, Employment and SMEs of National Development  Planning Ministry, Rahma Iryanti, admit that eradicating poverty is not an  easy job due to the ongoing chronic poverty. From the various attempts that   have been performed,  there are still many poor people who could  potentially return  so the  poverty alleviation  program was never end. Based on the data, from 60 million poor families in 2008-2010, there are 1.5 million families that managed to get out of poor category but still vulnerable to poverty and  2.1 million families who managed to get out of very poor category but still poor.
0.9   Million   families  managed  to   get   out   of  very   poor   condition   but   fell  again   in  poverty. Meanwhile, 1.5 million   families are  still  in chronic   poverty.  She said  that  education, health,  and housing  are   priority    programs  undertaken  to   alleviate  the   number  of   poverty    and   reduce inequality between the poor  and the rich.
Condition in Indonesia is also experienced by other developing countries and  other poor countries. The experiences of some non-government organization  in Indonesia show that there are many indicators which can be used as a strategic entrance in reducing absolute poverty.
Those experiences will be formulated in the seminar. Hopefully, the experiences of the vanguards can give positive  contribution and important notes to the implementation  of  Asian-African Conference 2015, under the  theme "Strengthening  South-South Cooperation to  Promote World Peace and Prosperity". From  this  point,  the  idea  is emerged, collaborating  with  the  Ministry of Social Affairs,  Government of  Bandung, Scale Society, UNDP, INFID, Rumah Zakat and Humanitarian Forum Indonesia will  organized two days seminar under  the theme  "Fighting  Poverty".

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